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Whose Responsibility is it Anyway?
Engineers do not work a vacuum. They are guided by the policies of their professional organizations, specific job requirements, industry requirements, and regulations at various levels of government. When an incident occurs, these different levels of responsibility often point fingers at each other. One might argue that a specific incident was due to a failure of government regulations, industry regulations, or the individual engineer at hand.
In this week’s assignment, you will choose from a list of engineering incidents about the question of responsibility, blame, and guilt. Make sure you thoroughly research the details of the incident you chose. You should answer the following questions:
· What led to the incident?
· What were the prior relevant obligations for each level of responsibility (individuals, firms, and government/regulatory agencies)?
· Were there any obligations that were not properly fulfilled?
· Who should bear the blame?
· Was the incident handled appropriately?
You may choose from one of the following:
· US Airways Flight 1549 (the “Miracle on the Hudson”)
· Flint Water Crisis
· Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster
· Northeast Blackout of 2003
For your submission, you will need to provide your own thoughts on the assignment, but in third person. Here is a guide to writing in third person as well as an excellent guide on mistakes to avoid in any type of writing.
Generally, you will use outside materials to support your point. For instance, in this assignment, you obviously will be using a code of ethics as an outside source. Whenever you use other materials, you need to either paraphrase that material or quote it. However, you are not supposed to quote large chunks of the material. Here are two guides on paraphrasing and quoting:
Also, when you use outside materials, you need to let the reader know what materials were used, so if they want to look up more information, they can. This process of letting the reader know what materials are used involves two steps: citing and reference. The citing is done inside the paper or PowerPoint slide and tells the reader which reference is used on the reference page or slide. The reference is all the information the reader needs to go find that resource.
There are some standards which organizations and publishers use for referring to these materials so that what they publish is uniform. For instance, the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) is a popular organization for computer science and information systems. They have their own ‘style guide,’ which includes the standards for writing in that organization and for others in computer science. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) style guide is often used by electrical engineers. The American Psychological Association (APA) style guide is a standard for the liberal arts. Grantham, as a whole, uses this as the standard for all of their general education and many other courses. In this class, you are free to use the ACM, IEEE, or APA way for referencing your materials. Here are some links to show you how to cite and reference the materials in any of the three formats:
For your submission, choose ONE of the following ways to answer the above questions.
NOTE: In identifying the similarities and differences, you should provide at least a few sentences which explain each of the similarities or differences
- Write a one-to-two-page paper (not including title page or references, submit as a Word document). Use Times New Roman or Calibri, font size 12, one-inch margins, double-spaced. Don’t forget to cite inside the paper. Be sure to include references at the end.