The social reform movements of the 19th Century worked to reform the issues of slavery, religious freedom, and women’s rights, among others. However, one marginalized culture would not beneﬁt from this progress, the Indigenous people of the American Southeast. The “Five Civilized” tribes were removed from the Southeast, although many had adopted American customs and established a representative form of government. Within this era of reform, why would citizens accept Jackson’s ideas on Indian removal? What gains would be made by moving those tribes west to the territory that became known as Oklahoma in 1890? Explain your answer with speciﬁc examples from your assigned reading and media.
NO LESS THAN 170 WORDS
- 10.4 Andrew Jackson, Message to Congress “On Indian Removal” (1830)
- 10.5 Frances Kemble’s Journal (1838-1839)
- 11.1 Willian Lloyd Garrison, Excerpt from the First Issue of The Liberator (1831)
- 11.2 Angelina Grimké, Excerpt from An Appeal to the Women of the Nominally Free States (1838)